Food adulteration is simply defined as the process of lowering the nutritive value of the food. Now-a-days, we see food adulteration in major of the cities. They add adulterants to the food which lowers the nutritive value in return leads to malnutrition.
Alternatively, there are some agencies enforce minimum standards for the consumer products. Following are some of the popular food quality controlling agencies.
1. BSI (Bureau of Indian Standard) : Previously it was named as ISI (Indian Standard Institution). It is a registered society works under Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution, Government of India. Certain standards have been drafted for maintaining the food quality and considered it as a legal documents which is known as IS (Indian standards). It handles with the development of technical standards, consumer affairs, product quality and management system certificates.
2. AGMARK (Agricultural Marketing) : The main function of AGMARK is to certify the food products for quality control. It handles with adulteration-prone commodities including ghee, butter, milk, wheat atta, honey, turmeric, oils and much more.
3. FPO (Fruit Product Order): This agency exclusively look after fruits and vegetables quality control. The Union Ministry of Food Processing Industry has developed a licensing and monitoring system to cover fruit products. They mainly functions in helping quality production, packaging the material, inspection, monitoring of production and exporting the fruits and vegetables which are processed.